Valium is usually prescribed in cases of anxiety disorders management as well as for short-term relief from the symptoms of anxiety. Tension or anxiety related to the daily stress generally do not require a specific prescribed treatment with an anxiolytic. Valium (Diazepam) can also be useful when symptomatic relief is required from acute agitation, tremor, impending delirium tremens and hallucinosis.
Valium basically impacts the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors, a special neurotransmitter in the brain, which basically influences the regulation of relaxation, sleep and anxiety. When influencing the GABA receptors, Valium actually slows down the CNS (Central Nervous System).
As result, this action decreases a patient’s feelings of agitation and nervousness, as well as produces a sense of calmness and relaxation. Likewise, Valium also assists to lessen the panic attacks intensity and other symptoms of anxiety. Valium represents a fast-acting drug, which quickly lowers the anxiety as well as other panic disorder symptoms. The effectiveness of Valium is caused by the fact that it quickly gets into system. However, it but can also build up over time. This fact can sometimes create challenges to select the dosage in the most effective and safe manner.
A number of studies have revealed that cognitive therapy is more effective comparing to behaviour therapy, psychodynamic psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. However, additional researches are required before the superiority of cognitive therapy is firmly concluded. Based on number of clinical researches, majority of the people who take Valium, claim that it helps them with social anxiety management. These clients claim that Diazepam (Valium) helps them more if they are in public, so they do not suffer from embarrassing situations that usually happen in public areas. However, some claim that Valium clouds their thinking and makes them excessively drowsy and sleepy. Hence, as was mentioned above, the effectiveness of Valium depends on each patient’s peculiarities. But generally, Valium effectively treats anxiety disorders.
Valium can be prescribed to both, adults and children. Of course, the dosage varies depending on the age, type of disorder and other patient’s details. The following table contains the list of prescriptions and respective daily dosage.
- Management of Anxiety Disorders and Relief of Symptoms of Anxiety: depending upon symptoms severity — 2 – 10 mg, 2 – 4 times per day;
- Symptomatic Relief in Acute Alcohol Withdrawal: 10 mg, 3 – 4 times during the first 24 hours, with the following reduction to 5 mg, 3 – 4 times per day;
- Adjunctively for Skeletal Muscle Spasm Relief: 2 – 10 mg, 3 – 4 times per day;
- Adjunctively for Convulsive Disorders: 2 – 10 mg, 2 – 4 times per day;
- Geriatric patients, or in case of debilitating disease: 2 – 2.5 mg, 1 – 2 times per day initially; followed by gradual increase as required and tolerated.
- Pediatric Patients:
- Due to varied responses to CNS-acting drugs, the therapy should be initiated with the lowest dose and followed by increase as required. Not for use in pediatric patients under 6 months. Daily dosage is 1 – 2.5 mg, 3 – 4 times per day initially; followed by gradual increase as needed and tolerated
The effectiveness of Valium during long-term treatment (e.g. more than 4 months) has not been fully assessed by clinical studies. Hereby, the physician should periodically reassess the effectiveness of Valium for each individual patient.